Virtual Classroom
Assignment
Timelines
Cabeza de Vaca

Some significant dates in the history of Spanish conquest in North America:

1492 Columbus, on the first of his four voyages, visits the Caribbean, returning to Europe with Indian captives.
1513 Juan Ponce de Leon lands on Florida's east coast on April 2, giving it the name La Florida.
1528 Expedition with Cabeza de Vaca lands on Florida's west coast and sets out to explore the interior in search of a passage to Tampico.
1540 Coronado's conquest of New Mexico and the Seven Cities of Cibola begins.
1598 Settlement begins in New Mexico under Juan de Onate as El Camino Real is established between El Paso del Norte and Santa Cruz, New Mexico.
1729 Spanish govern Texas from Presidio Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes (in Louisiana) through 1773.
1810 Mexico declares independence from Spain, bringing the lands from Texas to California under the government of Mexico by 1821.
See more dates in Spanish Conquest.


Some significant dates in post-Spanish history:

1810 Mexico declares independence from Spain on the 16th of September, Diez y Seis de Septiembre, and struggles for more than a decade before becoming a sovereign nation in 1821.
1828 Mexico outlaws slavery, a major componant of the Anglo colonies in the Texas/Coahuila territory.
1836 Texas General Sam Houston defeats and captures Mexican leader General Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning independence for Texas on April 12 at the confluence of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou.
See more dates in Post-Spanish History.


Some significant dates in Houston history:

1823 Stephen F. Austin establishes a colony, San Felipe de Austin, west of present-day Houston on the Brazos River.
1836 Texas General Sam Houston defeats and captures Mexican leader General Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning independence for Texas on April 12 at the confluence of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou.
1861 Harris and all surrounding counties vote to secede from the Union and join the Confederacy in the Civil War. Many counties inhabited by German and Czech immigrants, such as Fayette and Bastrop, do not vote to secede.
1865 Slaves in Texas are informed of their freedom under the Emancipation Proclamation. The news is delivered to Galveston by Major General Gordon Granger on June 19th, establishing the Juneteenth Celebration.
1901 A major oil discovery is made at Spindletop, near Beaumont, making southeast Texas everafter associated with oil.
See more dates in Houston History.


Some significant dates in New Mexico history:

1536 Cabeza de Vaca and Esteban are among four Spaniards to survive eight years in the interior of America. They arrive in Mexico City with stories of their survival and of large Indian communities in the interior.
1540 Coronado's conquest of New Mexico and the Seven Cities of Cibola begins.
1598 Settlement begins in New Mexico under Juan de Onate as El Camino Real is established between El Paso del Norte and Santa Cruz, New Mexico.
1680 Pueblo Indians revolt against Spanish in New Mexico.
1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain and expells Spanish church and civic officials from New Mexico.
1848 War between Mexico and the United States concludes with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which places the territories of New Mexico and California under control of the United States.
1912 New Mexico becomes the 47th State on January 6th.
See more dates in New Mexico History.


Some significant dates in Texas History.

Some significant dates in Natchitoches History.

Some significant dates in Florida History.



See these related pages:
La Frontera Vieja | The History of Mexico



HOUSTON INSTITUTE FOR CULTURE   TIMELINES   SEARCH   info@houstonculture.org
Home Crossroads Travel Calendar World Music Contents