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Mexico
Cabeza de Vaca

Some significant dates in post-Spanish history:

1803 United States purchases vast Mississippi River drainage area from France, moving its boundary west to Louisiana, Oklahoma and the Great Plains. The Louisiana Purchase doubles the size of the United States.
1808 The United States outlaws importation of slaves, but another 250,000 slaves are illegally brought into the country during the decades leading up to the Civil War. Though use of existing slave labor is still legal in most states, many Anglos move west to Louisiana and Texas to establish plantations and avoid authorities.
1810 Mexico declares independence from Spain on the 16th of September, Diez y Seis de Septiembre, and struggles for more than a decade before becoming a sovereign nation in 1821.
1819 Spain cedes Florida to the U.S. on February 22.
1823 Stephen F. Austin establishes a colony, San Felipe de Austin, west of present-day Houston on the Brazos River.
1828 Mexico outlaws slavery, a major componant of the Anglo colonies in the Texas/Coahuila territory.
1836 Mexico, under General Santa Anna, defeats the Texans at the Alamo and Goliad in March, prompting the slogan, "Remember Goliad, Remember the Alamo!"
1836 Texas General Sam Houston defeats and captures Mexican leader General Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning independence for Texas on April 12 at the confluence of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou.
1848 War between Mexico and the United States concludes with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which places the territories of New Mexico and California under control of the United States.
1853 Gadsden Purchase expands southwestern United States to its present southern boundaries of New Mexico, Arizona and California.
1862 Mexico defeats occupying French troops at Puebla on the 5th of May, Cinco de Mayo.
1911 The Mexican Revolution begins a series of political and educational reforms, and makes heroes of Emiliano Zapata, Fransisco "Pancho" Villa, Fransisco Madero, Alvaro Obregon and Venustiano Carranza. All are assassinated.

More coming soon.

See Spanish Conquest and other Timelines.


See these related pages:
La Frontera Vieja | The King's Road | El Camino Real
Spanish Missions of California | Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mission Satevo | Guerrero Viejo | Copper Canyon
Colonial Cities of Mexico | La Florida


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