Virtual Classroom
New Mexico
Cabeza de Vaca

Some significant dates in New Mexico history:

1528 [Exploration and Conquest]
Expedition with Cabeza de Vaca lands on Florida's west coast and sets out to explore the interior in search of a passage to Tampico.
1536 Cabeza de Vaca and Esteban are among four Spaniards to survive eight years in the interior of America. They arrive in Mexico City with stories of their survival and of large Indian communities in the interior.
1539 Esteban is killed at Zuni and Fray Marcos returns to Mexico.
1540 Coronado's conquest of New Mexico and the Seven Cities of Cibola begins.

1598 [Spanish Colonial Period]
Settlement begins in New Mexico under Juan de Onate as El Camino Real is established between El Paso del Norte and Santa Cruz, New Mexico.
1680 Pueblo Indians revolt against Spanish in New Mexico.
1692 Don Diego de Vargas reconquers the New Mexico territory with little resistance.
1803 United States purchases Mississippi River drainage area from France, the Louisiana Purchase, moving its boundary west to Louisiana, Oklahoma and the Great Plains.
1810 Mexico declares independence from Spain on the 16th of September, Diez y Seis de Septiembre, and expells Spanish church and civic officials from New Mexico.

1821 [Mexican Frontier Period]
Mexico wins independence from Spain and expells Spanish church and civic officials from New Mexico.
1822 The Santa Fe Trail opens trade between the United States and New Mexico.
1828 Mexico outlaws slavery, a major componant of the Anglo colonies in the Texas/Coahuila territory.
1836 Texas General Sam Houston defeats and captures Mexican leader General Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning independence for Texas on April 12 at the confluence of the San Jacinto River and Buffalo Bayou.

1848 [Territorial Period]
War between Mexico and the United States concludes with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which places the territories of New Mexico and California under control of the United States.
1850 The New Mexico Territory is officially designated on September 9.
1853 Gadsden Purchase expands southwestern United States to its present southern boundaries of New Mexico, Arizona and California.
1861 Civil war battles are fought at Valverde on the Rio Grande and Glorieta Pass near Santa Fe, but the Texas Confederates are routed from the territory by 1862.

1912 [Statehood]
New Mexico becomes the 47th State on January 6th.
1916 Columbus, New Mexico is attacked from the south by a force said to be commanded by General "Pancho" Villa, who sought revenge for U.S. support of General Corranza.
1945 The U.S. Government tests the first atomic bomb at the Trinity Site in White Sands on July 16. Within one month, Hiroshima and Nagasaki are destroyed by atomic bombs on August 6 and 9, killing more than 115,000 people.

More coming soon.

See Spanish Conquest and other Timelines.

See these related pages:
La Frontera Vieja | The King's Road | El Camino Real
Spanish Missions of California | Mission San Juan Capistrano
Mission Satevo | Guerrero Viejo | Copper Canyon
Colonial Cities of Mexico | La Florida

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