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The Lone Star

The capitol of Texas was once in Louisiana and the Lone Star Flag flew over West Florida. It's true!

As the Spanish defended the frontier against the perceived aggression of the French in Louisiana, they set up a mission and fort at Los Adaes, several miles from the French outpost at Natchitoches, Louisiana. The Spanish officially governed the vast Texas province from Presidio Nuestra Senora del Pilar de Los Adaes from 1729 - 1773, but its remote setting made the larger missions on the San Antonio River dependent on the Spanish fort at Guerrero, just south of the Rio Grande. The more remote settlers at Los Adaes illegally traded goods with the French at Natchitoches and the two groups were allied in their defense against Indians. See King's Road for more details.

Following the Louisiana Purchase (1803), Americans in a hurry to wrest more land from Spain declared the Republic of West Florida independent in 1810. West Florida included lands west of the Apalachicola River in Florida to the Mississippi, across southern Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. The rebels besieged Baton Rouge, Louisiana, making it their capitol for 74 days as they displayed their symbolic banner, the Lone Star Flag. The disputed lands east of the Mississippi, called the Florida parishes today, were annexed by the Territory of Orleans.

Twenty-five years later Americans would take similar action against Mexico on the frontier west of the Louisiana Purchase. Following defeats at the Alamo and Goliad, the "Texans" were finally victorious at San Jacinto giving rise to the Republic of Texas, with its symbol, the Lone Star.

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